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Probabilistic Life Prediction Isn't as Easy as It Looks

Annis, C., "Probabilistic Life Prediction Isn't as Easy as It Looks,"
Probabilistic Aspects of Life Prediction, ASTM STP-1450,
W. S. Johnson and B.M. Hillberry, Eds., ASTM International,
West Conshohocken, PA, 2003.

Abstract: Many engineers affect "Probabilistic life prediction" by replacing constants with probability distributions and carefully modeling the physical relationships among the parameters. Surprisingly, the statistical relationships among the "constants" are often given short shrift, if not ignored altogether.  Few recognize that while this simple substitution of distributions for constants will indeed produce a non-deterministic result, the corresponding "probabilities" are often woefully inaccurate.  In fact, even the "trend" can be wrong, so these results can't even be used for sensitivity studies.  This paper explores the familiar Paris equation relating crack growth rate and applied stress intensity to illustrate many statistical realities that are often ignored by otherwise careful engineers.

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